Nawab Salimullah Khan (July 1871-Feb 1915)

Nawab Salimullah Khan was the fourth Nawab of Dacca, a Muslim nationalist, an architect of the All India Muslim League, a patron of education, a philanthropist, and was one of those prominent figures who rendered valuable services for the uplift of the Muslims of Bengal. He generously contributed to the promotion of education amongst the Muslims and was also a founder of University of Dacca.

In January 1904 he opposed certain aspects of the partition plan in an assemblage of Hindu and Muslim leaders at Ahsan Manzil Dacca. Viceroy Lord Curzon, while on a tour of East Bengal visited him, as a result of their discussion some changes took place in the partition plan. The partition came into effect on 16 October 1905 and Dhaka became the capital of the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam. Muslims of Bengal under the inspiring leadership of Nawab Sahib took practical steps to safeguard their political, social, cultural and religious rights.

In 1906, Nawab Salimullah Khan planned to create an All India Muslim political party. He invited about 2,000 Muslim delegates from all over India and also requested the Aligarh Movement to convene its 20th meeting of the All India Mohammedan Educational Conference (AIMEC) at Dhaka. The delegates deliberated from 27 to 30 December and on the 30 December, 1906, the last day of the convention, the ‘All India Muslim League’ was founded.

Nawab Salimullah was elected its vice-president and a member of the committee for framing its constitution. The convention was fully financed by Nawab Sahib and according to one source he spent about six Lakh Rupees on the event.