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Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (1895 – 1951)


Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan, an active leader of Pakistan Movement, was a statesman, lawyer, and political theorist who also served as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was also the first Defence minister of Commonwealth and Kashmir Affairs, from 1947 until his death in 1951. Born and hailed from East Punjab, he was educated at Aligarh Muslim University in India and the Oxford University in UK.

On his return from UK in 1923, Congress leaders invited him to join their party, but he refused and joined All India Muslim League. Liauqat Ali Khan and his wife (Rana Liaqat Ali) played a key role in persuading Quaid-e-Azam to return to India.

He was elected as the Honorary Sectary of Muslim League on 26 April 1936 and held the office till 1947.

In 1940, he was made the deputy leader of the Muslim League Parliamentary party.

He assisted Quaid-e-Azam in his negotiations with Cabinet Mission and leaders of the Congress during final phases of the Freedom Movement. He served as the Finance Minister in the interim government of British Indian Empire, prior to partition.

After independence, Muslim league appointed him as the first prime minister of Pakistan. Liaquat Ali Khan helped Quaid-e-Azam in solving the riot and refugee problem and seting up an effective administrative system for the country.

Under his premiership, Pakistan took its first steps in the field of constitution making, as well as foreign policy. He presented the Objectives Resolution in the Legislative Assembly. The house passed this on 12 March 1949. His efforts in signing the Liaquat-Nehru pact pertaining to the minority issue in 1950 helped to reduced tensions between India and Pakistan.

Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated at Municipal Park, Raw-alpindi, and the assassin was shot on the spot by security forces. He was officially given the title of “Quaid-e-Millat” and posthumously “Shaheed-e-Millat”.