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Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk (Mar 1841-Jan 1917)


Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk from Meeruth, advanced the mission of Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan and Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk.

He was elected the Honorary Secretary of the Board of Trustees M.A.O College Aligarh after the death of Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk. Two important developments took place under him. Firstly, he emphasized on religious education parallel to other subjects. This revived confidence of religious community in the institution and they started sending their children for getting modern education. Secondly, Movement to upgrade Aligarh College to University gained momentum during his tenure, though it plan fizzled out due to political reasons.

Campaign to replace Urdu with Hindi as court language restarted in 1900. Nawab Sahib opposed the move and led the protests against government’s decision at Aligarh and Lucknow.

He exhorted the Muslims to fight for their rights. Thus, in a meeting held at Lucknow on 21/22 October 1901, he decided to form a political party known as “Political Association”. The venture could not succeed but he had sown the seeds of political awakening in his followers. The Muslims having realized the necessity of participating in active politics in the changing political scenario, laid the foundation of All India Muslim League on 30th December,1906 at Dacca under the chairmanship of Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk. He was appointed Joint Secretary of the new party.