Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk (Dec 1837- Oct 1907)
A loyal and close friend of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. As a leader of Muslim community, his efforts had far reaching effects on the future of the Indian Muslims. After the death of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, he was elected as the secretary of the Board of Trustees of MAO College. Under his leadership, the college made tremendous progress.
After being elected the Secretary of All India Mohammedan Educational Conference (AIMEC), he further widened its scope and activities to evolve the means of promoting education, reformation and progress.
His most important achievement was the effort for advocating separate electorate for the Muslims. Simla Deputation is a landmark in the history, when the status of Muslims and Hindus as separate entities was recognized and lifted to the constitutional plane by the British.
He organized the meeting with Lord Minto, the Viceroy of India at Simla on 1 Oct 1906. A delegation of about thirty five Muslim notables, led by Agha Khan met the Viceroy. Syed Amir Ali hailed this effort “as the first concerted Muslim action conceived in a constitutional spirit”.
On 30th December 1906, after the annual session of AIMEC, All India Muslim League was established in a meeting presided over by Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk. The central office of the League was set up in Aligarh. Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk and Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk were appointed as Joint Secretaries who were to draft the constitution of the first Muslim political party.