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Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar (1878-1931)


Muhammad Ali Johar was the younger son of “Bi Amma, Abadi bano”. His father died when he was two years old. Muhammad Ali first graduated from Aligarh and later went on to Lincoln College Oxford, England, in 1898 to study modern history. A radical Indian Muslim leader, a fervent opponent of imperialism, an eminent scholar, a bold journalist and orator, a poet who always remained in the center of every melee from the establishment of All India Muslim League, as the crusader of the Turkish cause, the chief architect of Khilafat movement and a champion of Muslim religio-political interests like the Balkan war and Kanpur mosque tragedy.

He was elected President of All India Muslim League at Calcutta and remained in the office from Jan 1916 to Dec 1917. In 1928, when Nehru report was put before All Parties Convention for approval, he forcefully objected to it. He was invited in the First Round Table Conference and in a fiery speech demanded freedom for his countrymen and also refused to go back alive empty handed. His words proved true and he died in London a week after this and was buried in Jerusalem. His character is best described by H.G.Wells. “he had the heart of Napoleon, the pen of Macaulay and the tongue of Burke”.

His wife, Amjadi Begum (1885-Mar 1947), as well a partner in his freedom struggle, continued with the mission of her late husband. When she joined Muslim League, the Quaid appointed her member of working committee of Pakistan Muslim league. She had pride of being the only woman among 25 members of working committee and also attended All-India Muslim League’s 27th annual session held at Lahore, from 22nd to 24th March 1940 in which Lahore Resolution was passed.